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ANCIENT COIN CLUB OF
LOS ANGELES

MEETING NOTICES 2005

MONTHLY MEETINGS ARE NOW HELD AT THE SHERMAN OAKS GALLERIA.

JANUARY 2005

The next meeting of the club will be the Annual Installation Banquet, which will take place on Sunday January 9, 2005 at 1:00 P.M. at the Balboa Mission Town Hall, Granada Hills. A list of those planning to bring something to the Installation Banquet to serve or facilitate the serving together with the item they will bring was sent out previously and an addendum was made consisting of people who have since volunteered.

BUSINESS

Michael Connor reported that we had 48 new visitors per day to the website, for a 2004 total of 12 to 13 thousand and provided a bar graph. Ken Friedman's Koson Stater and Richard Baker's Countermarks stories have been the most popular pages for the past two months. Mike proposed a new name for the article section of the website: It was moved, seconded and passed that the new name will be "ACTA ACCLA". Ken Friedman suggested that we add 12 different blurbs on each of the 12 Caesars. The undersigned read a letter from Ralph and Sally Marx, briefly detailing their current activities in their new home. ACCG: There is an activity log on their website. There was a brief discussion regarding the advisability of supporting ACCG and opposing the new legislation. A discussion of the Report of Objectives was ead by Ken Friedman. Anyone who has any ideas should e-mail him. Michael Connor will e-mail copies of the Report to the non-attendees. David Stepsay will coordinate the list of bringers of food and other items to the Banquet.

All present officers accepted being nominated to run and were re-elected for another year:

President: Hugh Kramer
Vice-President: Richard Baker
Secretary: David Stepsay
Treasurer: Barry Rightman

The new Governing Board was elected:

Al Budnick
Michael Connor
Ken Friedman
Kelly Ramage
Paul Ranc
Michelle Sheldon.

All candidates were elected by acclamation.

PRESENTATION

December's presentation was done by one of our very own long-time members, Paul Ranc. The title was Roman Imperial Quadrans.

Paul started out explaining that the quadrans was the lowest denomination of coinage turned out by the Romans. It is the least-researched of all the high-empire denominations. However, today "quadrini' is the Italian slang for money in general.

Augustus reorganized the monetary system. One of the new coins was the sestertius, made of orichalcum. First issued in 9 BCE, it weighed about 3 grams. There were other new materials for the manufacture of coins also.

The weights were standardized at "four quadrantes = one As". However no one seems to know what the quadrans was used for. None were ever found in Pompeii. Also outside Rome they didn't circulate much. However, Vespasian's greatest claim to fame among the masses throughout history is due to the fact that he inaugurated a fee for the use of the public pissoir, for which quadrantes were used; and for his rejoinder that pecunia non olet to Titus' complaint that you shouldn't have to pay to go to the toilet. The quadrans was a political statement under Caligula. There was a lively interchange between the presenter and the ever-curious audience throughout the course of the talk. Some of the other detail brought out by Paul:

  • Nero's first coinage was in orichalcum (worth more than gold?).
  • Vespasian used the caduceus on some issue to illustrate the good health of the empire.
  • Nerva issued one marking a distribution of grain.
  • Trajan issued a quadrans showing a gaming table on the front and a wolf on the reverse.
  • Hadrian issued one showing an eagle, wings spread, and a thunderbolt.

A handout was passed out showing the various types of quadrantes issued by the various emperors. The talk was very much appreciated by the audience.

Respectfully submitted
David Stepsay, Secretary

FEBRUARY 2005

The next meeting of the club will take place on Sunday February 13, 2005. The good lord willing and the creek don't rise... the venue will again be the Balboa Mission Town Hall, Granada Hills. Michelle Sheldon and Kelly Ramage will present an illustrated talk on their recent trip to Petra, the ancient Nabataean city.

LAST MEETING

The following notes were recorded and forwarded to me by Ken Friedman. The meeting was convened and called to order by President Hugh Kramer at the home of Barry Rightman. The President and the membership thanked Barry Rightman and his wife, Barbara, for making their home available, on very short notice, for the meeting as the heavy rains had damaged the roof and ceiling of the Club's regular meeting venue making that room unavailable.

Barry Rightman delivered the Treasurer's Report. The Treasurer also reported that he had made a rough analysis of income and expenses and determined that the combination of annual dues, monthly attendance dues and raffle ticket sales at meetings was approximately equal to the annual expenditures (rent for the regular venue, the purchase of donuts and drinks for meetings, the purchase of books for the monthly meeting raffles). Finally Barry reminded the membership that annual dues for 2005 were now due and that the members should pay those dues (in addition to the meeting attendance dues). Michael Connor delivered the web report. The number of visitors continues to grow. For 2004, the total number of distinct individual visitors had reached 12,704, about double that from the prior year. At present, the site averages about 50 new visitors each day, with the most interest lately being in the articles on Roman Countermarks and the Koson Stater. Michael again called for new articles. A discussion was then held concerning possible future submissions. A request was made for volunteers to do articles on the Twelve Caesars.

The President then installed the Officers and Board of Directors for 2005, as follows:

President: Hugh Kramer
Vice-President: Richard Baker
Treasurer: Barry Rightman
Secretary: David Stepsay
Kenneth L. Friedman (as the past-President)
Al Budnick
Michael Connor
Kelly Ramage
Paul Ranc
Michelle Sheldon

The President then adjourned the formal business portion of the meeting, in favor of the annual gustatory gala which then followed.

Respectfully submitted
David Stepsay, Secretary

MARCH 2005

The next meeting of the club will take place on Sunday, March 13, 2005 at 1:00 P.M. at the Balboa Mission Town Hall, Granada Hills. For our next meeting we will have a Members Forum - Historically Significant Coins (Show and Tell). Emphasis will be on non-standard coins.

LAST MEETING

We have received what is probably the last distribution of monies from the winding-up of COIN. Michael Connor, webmaster, reported that he has posted Hugh Kramer's new article and he is in the process of acquiring commitments for articles for the Twelve Caesars project. There have been 40 new visits per day. Roger Burry praised the website. Roger also said that the reports on the Celator will resume. Ken Baumheckel reported on the Orange County club: Michael Connor will give a talk in a couple of weeks. Ken Baumheckel has an article in the current Celator.

Barry has a complete set of Celator for sale. Various suggestions were made as to how to achieve the best return for the club. He also said that the third volume of David Sears' Roman coin book is on its way (by summer?). Ken Friedman said that there is a new Edward Hamilton catalogue of inexpensive books. Anent the Greek coin poster, it shows 117 different coins. The price will be $12.00 if there are 10 ordered. Also there is an encyclopedia of Greek coins available for $75.00 (less for a volume order). Richard Baker reported on the upcoming program schedule: in addition to the already-committed, Michelle volunteered to cover April unless Rob Freeman can make it. A sincere and hearty Thank You was extended to Barry and Barbara Rightman for their generosity in providing a meeting place on short notice last month.

PRESENTATION

The presenters at the last meeting were Michelle Sheldon and Kelly Ramage. The talk illustrated with lantern slides from their visit was on Petra, an ancient Nabataean city located in present day Jordan. We were shown the famous entry facade which is really impressive looking. The city dates from the fourth or fifth century BCE. It is a hard job to excavate there, and they are still digging toward the original roads. The Nabateans were Arabs of Semitic origin. The city of Petra is in a key position for the collection of tariffs on goods, wares, and merchandise passing by on their way to other parts of the ancient Near and Far East and North Africa. Such items as frankincense, myrrh, gold, silks, horses, wood, stone, pearls, and fabrics comprised these shipments. The Nabateans exploited the sources of copper, bronze, and bitumen (a preservative for mummification). In 1979 a huge glob of bitumen was found, which was worth $4 million. Egypt originally controlled the area. Michelle and Kelly showed an inscription that indicates that the inhabitants were literate in Aramaic. They showed the gorge and the water collection spots. The coffins of these people had to evolve when the surrounding forests were destroyed. The population probably was 20,000. The evolution of the arch was apparent from the appearance of the facades shown. Post and lintel construction and Byzantine mosaics were mentioned and shown, the latter being of much later origin than the era of the city's flourishing. The pottery was very refined and detailed with Hellenistic influence and they produced wine. Isis seems to have been the only god(dess) borrowed from the Egyptians.

In addition to a fine presentation, you have to applaud Michelle and Kelly for their dauntlessness in traveling in this day and age in that part of the world and for their adventurousness. They did not get to Petra by the older route through Jerusalem, but from the south, Egypt.

Respectfully submitted
David Stepsay, Secretary

APRIL 2005

The next meeting of the club will take place on Sunday April 10, 2005 at the 1:00 P.M. at the Balboa Mission Town Hall, Granada Hills. The presentation at the next meeting will be by Michelle Sheldon and Kelly Ramage, who will expound on Egypt's Eighteenth Dynasty.

Since the undersigned was not in attendance at the last meeting, Roger Burry, as usual, kindly agreed to fill in for him. The following are based on notes from Roger Burry.

President Hugh Kramer opened the March meeting of the ACCLA and welcomed several guests.

Michael Connor reported that the ACCLA web site continues to grow. To date there are more new visitors in 2005 than in the entire year of 2004. The site has been transferred to a new location www.accla.org and is up and running, hosted free of charge by Vcoins. Club e-mail addresses will be set up shortly. The registered domain name will cost $12 per year. Mike has paid for 2005. Club members voted to approve the annual payment beginning next year. Michelle Sheldon is making a group purchase of tickets to the King Tut exhibition. Interested members should contact Michelle.

It was announced that ACCLA Vice President and Program Chairman Richard Baker has recently gotten married and is moving to the Northwest. Congratulations to the bride and many huzzahs for Richard. A new alternate Vice-President, Roger Burry, was elected to fill the vacancy.

The ACCLA planning Committee (Barry, Michelle, Kelly, Ken F., Mike, Merrill, and Karen, Ken's wife) reported on the planning status and circulated a draft version of the proposed club by-laws. A copy of the by-laws will be sent via e-mail to the club members. Recommendations of the committee to incorporate the club and apply for 501(c) 3 status were mentioned. These will be discussed at the next meeting and voted on.

A motion was approved to add VP Roger Burry and President Hugh Kramer to the ACCLA check signature list along with Treasurer Barry Rightman. Two signatures will be required on checks.

The club's web-based 12 Caesars project was discussed. Inputs for two more emperors have been received. Digital photos or slides of coins of the 12 Caesars were requested for the project. Please send them to Michael Connor.

The meeting then closed with a raffle of books on Numismatics and Ancient history. Several excellent books were won in the raffle.

PROGRAM

The topic was Coins of Historical Significance. ACCLA members presented and discussed a variety of coins from their collections. Each of the coins had an interesting story. A Celtic silver unit of Queen Boedecia told a story of the revolt of the Iceni tribe against the Romans. Three denarii told the story of the Second Roman Triumvirate. A Judean prutah led to a story of King Herod's temple. Parthian and Roman coins told a story of Artabanos IV and his brother defeating the Emperor Macrinus. The coins were passed around for members to observe.

Again I wish to thank Roger Burry for his efforts in taking and typing up these notes in such detailed and usable form.

Respectfully submitted
David Stepsay, Secretary

MAY 2005

The next meeting of the club will take place on Sunday May 8, 2005 at 1:00 P.M. at the Balboa Mission Town Hall, Granada Hills. The presenter will be Barry Rightman, who will hold forth on The Roman Gods as Depicted on their Coins. Barry's talks are always worth the effort of attending as he has a grasp of Roman history that many academics lack.

LAST MEETING

At the last convening we had a lengthy business meeting. We welcomed in three new members, Ron Pettie, Jim Sansom, and Deanna Boulton. Michael Connor stated that the new domain for the club website: accla.org is all set-up. The new By-Laws were brought up for a vote, and voted in unanimously. After that a motion was made that ACCLA be legally incorporated  as a California not-for-profit corporation. The motion passed unanimously.

Barry Rightman propose a motion regarding Club dues: That in the future the first meeting attended by a non-member will be free. Subsequently a $3.00 fee will be assessed, though not if the non-member is presenting a talk. Members will still pay the $1.00 presently being charged. The motion was carried. A brochure stating this policy will be created and handed out at future meetings. Also Barry will bring membership cards to the next meeting. It was noted that next year will be the 40th anniversary of the club and that maybe we should have some sort of celebration. The matter was deferred to future meetings.

Richard Baker, Vice President, resigned his office effective today, due to unavailability to perform the duties. Roger Burry was voted in as his replacement. The club gave Richard a round of applause for all his years of service.

Paul Ranc brought up the possibility of purchasing a Power Point projector and possible laptop to go with it. Michelle announced that the old Getty Museum that is due to reopen in November. Joan Levine announced that Sally Marx is in the hospital with a broken leg. A card was signed by the members.

PRESENTATION

The talk given by Michelle Sheldon and Kelly Ramage on King Tut and the Eighteenth Dynasty was extremely comprehensive and erudite. In addition to the slide show and the lecture, a Brief Outline was passed out, which helped to fix our attention on the extremely exotic and almost mythological line of Pharaohs and their most well-known courtiers and retinue. The dates covered were from around 1630 BCE to about 1292 BCE.

The Hyksos contributed much in artwork and other cultural arenas. The scarab lost its seal function and became aesthetic. This is, incidentally, the period of Joseph ben Jacob's stay. The Hyksos were nomadic. They had horses and chariots, neither of which the Egyptians had. But whatever became of the Hyksos? No one knows for sure. Many of their city names are today unknown.

The New Kingdom supplanted the Hyksos. They kept up a strong security apparatus. There was an elaborate pyramid economy. But they never could keep out the looters. The royal dwellings were of mud brick, not stone, which was reserved for their after-life homes. Access to the tombs was by ladders, which were thereupon destroyed after the pyramids were "loaded" with their corpses and accompaniment. The most valuable haul from the tombs was the oils of rare origin. And since silver was rarer than gold, it was more sought after. Hatshepsut, the wife of Thutmose II, served as regent for her nephew/stepson Tuthmose III. She brought profound wealth and stability to Egypt and made use of the trade route from Egypt to Somalia along the Red Sea coast. But with the accession of Thutmose III, her name was erased from the list of kings. He was a military genius, redesigning the chariot of war using three types of wood in its construction. The infantry was trained to march 15 miles per day. The archers were mobilized into an effective force. And he, unlike other kings, rode in front of the troops.

The wealth of Egypt came from booty realized from extremely strong military campaigns, the fact that the borders were not penetrated, international trade, and gold from Nubia and Wadi Hammamat (largest gold mines in the world at that time). Amenhotep IV aka Akhenaten, who is the last pharaoh to be mentioned herein, was a most interesting case. He was very young when he acceded to the throne. He was a heretic (the first in the ancient world to believe in only one god), becoming extremely doctrinaire, and married Nefertiti. The longest-lasting pharaonic art was done in his period. His capital was Akhetaten, aka "Tel el Amarna", which was a holy city. He never left the city, which today is completely levelled. He antagonized everyone by neglecting the empire, losing territories in West Asia, and his royal tomb was isolated.

Respectfully submitted
David Stepsay, Secretary

JUNE 2005

The next meeting of the club will take place on Sunday June 12, 2005 at 1:00 P.M. at the Balboa Mission Town Hall, Granada Hills. Next meeting we will be privileged to hear a talk by Mr. Robert Freeman entitled Celtic Coins.

LAST MEETING

A presentation plaque/honorary life membership was given to Richard Baker, for his many years of service to the club, many of which were as Vice President, wherein he arranged for the many good programs which have been presented over the years. A letter from Ralph and Sally Marx was read, thanking us for the card we sent in respect to Sally's broken leg.

A discussion was held with regard to acquiring a digital projector. A hand-out was passed out by Roger Burry to aid us in making our decision. It was moved, seconded, and passed that we purchase one. A vote was taken in the nature of a voluntary option on the part of members to contribute whatever they care to to the prospective purchase and upkeep. Secondarily, it was moved, seconded, and passed that we spend no more than $1,000 on the purchase. And tertiarily it was moved, seconded, and passed that Michael Connor, Roger Burry, and Merrill Gibson, as a committee, be authorized to make the purchase.

Ken Friedman said that the Articles of Incorporation have been filed with the Secretary of State, and we are now a not-for-profit corporation. Michael Connor, Ken, and Barry Rightman will meanwhile be working on the 501(c)3 filing, so donations can be tax-exempt.

Michael gave his usual website report: he needs a few more Caesars from those who committed to do so. There are 25-40 new visitors per day. Roger said that he has asked the Celator to update the Club contact information to reflect the new Website address. Ken Baumheckel reported on the OCACC. Kelly Ramage suggested that we have a meeting at Joel Malter's some time in the future.

PRESENTATION

Barry Rightman held forth in one of his sterling presentations on Roman coins, entitled Roman Gods Represented on Roman Coins. He pointed out that their pantheon had come from the Greek Olympian dieties. Of the 12 Olympians syncreted from the Greeks, Barry showed coins depicting 10 of them (missing Vulcan and Mercury). Gods depicted on the coins Barry reviwed included: Jupiter, Juno, Neptune, Venus, Vesta, Minerva, Apollo, Diana (Luna), Mars, Pluto, Nemesis, Ceres, Hercules, Dionysius, Sol, and Roma. Many thanks to Barry for his unflagging efforts on our behalf.

Respectfully submitted
David Stepsay, Secretary

JULY 2005

The next meeting will be held on Sunday July 10, 2005 at 1:00 P.M. at the Balboa Town Hall, Granada Hills.

The presentation will be by Mac James on The Loyola Marymount Archaelogical Museum and Numismatic Photography. It bids fair to be very interesting as some of us are still into photographing coins.

Respectfully submitted
David Stepsay, Secretary

AUGUST 2005

The next meeting of the ACCLA will take place on Sunday August 14, 2005 at 1:00 P.M. at the Balboa Mission Town Hall, Granada Hills. Randy Butler will give a talk on Turkey entitled Travels in Turkey: the Places and the Coins.

LAST MEETING

Michael Connor reported that 30 new visitors per day are checking into the website and that Richard Baker's countermarks article is still the top draw. Ken Baumheckel reported that the topic for the next OCACC meeting will be "Astronomy in Coins". The Projector Committee chair, Roger Burry, reported that they have a candidate for the purchase of the Power Point Slide Projector that we agreed needs to be obtained. He will report on it at the next meeting of ACCLA. The assembled members of the club gave their hearty thanks to Ken Friedman for his efforts in incorporating the club. He in turn solicited donations toward the purchase of the Projector. Barry offered slides donated by the Rauches to be available for presentations. Paul Ranc suggested a presentation on toning and cleaning of coins in the future. Roger said that speakers for September, October, and December are needed.

PRESENTATION

The presentation was given by Mac James, Curator of Loyola Marymount University museum, who is also a slide photo expert. The LMU Archaeology Center is headed by Fr. Falco, who is a numismatist. The museum annex contains the Egyptian collection (chalcolithic items); ostraka; a Roman case containing inter alia a lot of glass. Most items can be handled by the students. Mac showed various Egyptian and Roman items. He showed the lab and lithic room and said the main museum was primarily Near Eastern. He suggested that maybe ACCLA could have a meeting at the Numismatic Museum. The bulk of the presentation was devoted to how they photograph. A certificate of appreciation issued by the club was presented to Mac James.

Respectfully submitted
David Stepsay, Secretary

SEPTEMBER 2005

The next meeting of the club will be on September 11, 2005 at 1:00 P.M. at Balboa Mission Town Hall, Granada Hills. The presenter will be Bruce Eacrett, who will talk on Prehistoric Cave Paintings of France.

LAST MEETING

Michael Connor, the Webmaster said, inter alia, that this last month Kelly's and Michelle's articles are in first and second place respectfully in terms of number of hits, and that Richard Baker's had dropped to third. Roger Burry, the Celator liaison, said that there is a nice article on Barry Rightman's last talk at our club. Roger, also representing the projector committee, said that the projector has been purchased and is within our precincts but not checked out yet so cannot be used for today's presentation. Barry announced that David Sears' next book Roman Coins and their Values Volume 3 will soon be out and asked that those who want to take part in the bulk purchase need to make a deposit now.

Vice-President Roger Burry proposed that we have a planning committee for the club anniversary meeting in October. Bob Effler reported that the club banner is still a work in progress. Ken Friedman reported that the Ancient Coin Collecting Guildasked for letters from individuals by August 24, supporting their position on the impending legislation. Mark Westerline reported on the ANA show in San Francisco. It was worthwhile going; there were many ancient coin dealers.

PRESENTATION

Randy Butler presented Travels in Turkey. He started the show with a map of Turkey and various views of Ankara. Then began slides of ancient coins: Greek colonials from around Ankara. Nearby is the site of ancient Hattusas the seat of the Hittite empire. The large sphinx and King's gates were shown. The road thereto is a driveable 4 miles. Hattusas was contemporary with Mycenae and there is an excellent museum in Ankara. Cappadocia was next. Kayseri which is the translation of Caesar (Tiberius), was next with the showing of a Eusebes Philopater coin. Then Nemrut Dagh (peak), with the top levelled off and improvements installed (site of the Antiochus IV Mausoleum}. A Kommagene coin was shown. Next Mesopotamia (Gaziantep): Urfa and Harran from biblical times wherein Abraham was born. Randy told the story of Valerian and King Shapur, who was taken prisoner by Valerian and used as a footstool for mounting horses, as a coin of Shapur was shown. Little is left of the ancient city. Carrhae was next and it is where Crassus was killed. And here also Caracalla was assassinated by his own countrymen. A few more coins were shown, such as a Macrinus and Julian, whose life was portrayed by Gore Vidal in the eponymous Julian.

Respectfully submitted
David Stepsay, Secretary

OCTOBER 2005

The next meeting of the club will take place on October 9, 2005 at the Balboa Mission Town Hall, Granada Hills at 1:00 P.M. Messeurs Ken Baumheckel and Bob Effler will present A Coin Cleaning Workshop. $5.00 is to be paid by participants for a coin to be cleaned.

LAST MEETING

David Sear's latest volume Roman Coins and Their Value III is about to be distributed. Roger Burry reported that the original digital projector was defective and so exchanged for another, which is working fine. Michelle and Kelly announced their engagement to be married. There was great jubilation and applause. Joan Levine reported on the Anaheim show. Discussion of the pros and cona of the HBO TV series on Rome.

PRESENTATION

Bruce Eacrett with the able assistance of Bill Frost gave a very interesting talk on The Cave Paintings of France. Bruce spent 10 days in the south of France touring some of the 160 caves known to exist there. He passed out a map of the six sites that his talk was about. Making the first use of our new projector, he showed his slides. First was the main street of the village of Les Eyzies (sic) and its museum of artifacts containing mobile art. The first decorated cave found was Altamira in 1879. Its artifacts date back from 25,000-10,000 BCE. Various animals are depicted on the walls. The next was Font de Gaume, where there are images of bison, horses, and reindeer. The artists used manganese, carbon, and ochre for their pigments. Bruce said that all the images shown were purchased from the museum stores due to restrictions on the public's photographing them. He showed houses built into rock faces. At Le Moustier he showed a rock shelter for the Neanderthals. At La Mouthe(?) he showed engravings which were illuminated by a carbon lamp and various artifacts. At Peche Merle the Rupiniac cave goes back some 6 miles. There is an electric train for the tourists. There is a rhino on the wall. Mammoths were depicted at the Cougnac cave, with spears sticking in some of the animals. The ochre pigment has been dated to 22,000 BCE There are hand and foot prints in the pigment. At the town of Foix, the cave Niaux, which is very deep, bison and ibex images are found. And he showed the cave of Bedeilhac, which is very large. Bruce was presented with a Certificate of Appreciation from the club.

Respectfully submitted
David Stepsay, Secretary

NOVEMBER 2005

The next meeting of the club will be held on Sunday November 13, 2005 at 1:00 P.M. at the Balboa Mission Town Hall, Granada Hills.

At the last meeting of the club Michael Connor, our webmaster reported that the number of new visits is going up. Five of the Twelve Caesars are done. A sheet with the draft ACCLA Conflict of Interest policy of was passed out for perusal. It was moved, seconded, and passed to accept it. It was also moved, seconded, and passed to approve spending $150 for then application to IRS for tax-exempt status. Barry Rightman brought the copies of the new David Sears volume for distribution at our group purchase price of $68. We welcomed a new member to the club, John Mandel, who is relatively new to the field of ancient coins.

PRESENTATION

Ken Baumheckel and Bob Effler made a joint presentation on Coin Cleaning. The slide show began with the comment that due to the high zinc content of bronze, it is difficult to restore the patina. They presented examples of progressive cleaning. We were admonished that not all coins are suitable for cleaning. For instance, the removal of cuprous oxide deposits scar coin. Everyone was greatly impressed with the presentation and rendered a big round of applause.

Respectfully submitted
David Stepsay, Secretary

DECEMBER 2005

The next meeting of the club will be held on Sunday December 11, 2005 at 1:00 P.M. at the Balboa Mission Town Hall, Granada Hills. Elections will be held at the December meeting. The presenter will be our own Roger Burry on Roman Britain.

LAST MEETING

Michael Connor submitted the copy of the application for Non-Profit status to the undersigned. In his website report, he said there has been a major increase in visitors due in large part to Kelly Ramage's article on Roman Wall Painting. Roger said that our meeting summaries are in the October issue of the Celator. Barry Rightman brought the remainder of the new Sears book for pick up. Projector use instructions hand-outs were presented. The new membership cards were presented to the undersigned for signature preparatory to issuance at the time of dues renewal. They will be revised every year, hopefully. It was announced that Gabriel Vandervort has just gotten married. A round of applause was evoked. Roger Burry thanked Ken and Bob for their very interesting presentation last month. A questionnaire was passed around to be filled out by all present as to their interest in topics for future presentations.

The Installation Banquet will be held next month, so we were adjured to start thinking about our gustatory contributions. Ken Baumheckel went to a high school in Sierra Madre to present a slide show on coin cleaning, for the benefit of the students. They solicited further presentations. Michelle Sheldon said that there will be a seminar on the Roman Empire at CSUN on Wednesdays from 7:00 to 10:00 P.M.

Respectfully submitted
David Stepsay, Secretary

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